Atropine eye drops, Orthokeratology (OrthoK aka CRT), and Distance-centred Multifocal Contact Lenses (DCMCL) is the most generally acknowledged therapy for myopia correction. All around the country, optometrists utilise a variety of approaches based on the patient’s age, prescription, and specific needs for myopia control. There’s a lot of conflicting information, and some doctors advise treatments that might make myopia worse, such as “under-correction,” in which the prescription is lower than necessary.
Specific types of contact lenses and eyeglass lenses have been proved in various studies to reduce the progression of myopia in the scientific community effectively. Myopia advancement can be slowed or even stopped using ortho-K lenses, distance-centre bifocal contact lenses, or bifocal spectacles, all of which have been studied in randomised, controlled trials by independent researchers. To reduce myopic “creep,” you should consult a myopia control specialist who can evaluate your child’s prescription and lifestyle to identify the best treatment options.
An orthokeratology procedure in which contact lenses-like medical devices are placed on the eye while the patient is asleep is also known as OrthoK or CRT. Using a mild overnight pressure on the cornea or surface of the eye, the outer layers of the eye are temporarily “moulded,” giving the user the illusion of a “lens.” The results endure throughout the day, allowing users to see generally without needing glasses or contact lenses when awake. People no longer need glasses or frequent contact lenses to participate in sports, swim, or do the other things they like. Several peer-reviewed, randomised, and longitudinal investigations suggest that orthokeratology is an effective way to slow or stop myopia progression.
Soft Multifocal Contact Lenses with Distance Centre
Distance from centre As with ordinary soft contact lenses, multifocal Soft Contact Lenses are used similarly. According to multiple studies, myopia advancement has been slowed by an optical “trick” in the centre of the lens. This approach is quickly gaining traction. There are only two manufacturers of these lenses at this time. Your doctor can help you figure out which brand is best for you.
Atropine, an eye drop or ointment, has been shown to slow the progression of myopia in multiple trials. Atropine therapy, consisting of a single daily dose, is continued as long as myopia progresses. Not only can it reduce myopia in certain patients, but it may be used with bifocal eyeglasses further to boost the myopia control efficacy in some circumstances. Atropine’s equivalent, Pirenzepine, has been proved to be effective. However, it is not currently available because of legal restrictions. Dopamine has also been investigated. However, its use has proven impracticable.
Bifocal and Multifocal Lenses are available.
Study results have indicated that wearing separate prescriptions for distance and near can help youngsters with the eye muscle condition known as Esophoria. The most common way to do this is through multifocal or bifocal eyeglass lenses. According to specific research, lower-pupil-border bifocals have proven to be more successful than higher-pupil-border bifocals. For parents of children with Esophoria who don’t want their children to wear contact lenses or utilise eye drops, this strategy has been found in specific trials to be beneficial.
Early detection of myopia
The most excellent method to prevent myopia is to catch it early.
Regular eye tests for your children are essential, even if they make no complaints about their vision.
Even if you or your partner are legally blind or your kid’s older siblings have myopia or other vision issues, getting your child an eye checkup as soon as possible is critical. Myopia has a genetic basis.
And don’t forget to get your kids out of the house and play instead of staring at their smartphones and gaming consoles. Myopia is less likely to develop in children who spend much time outside.